Standardisation activities

Standardisation activities leverage the early and continuous transfer of valuable research to national and international standardisation committees. ComVantage has three major standardisation contributions to simplify the world and to facilitate the commercialisation, driven by TUD:

  • IEC 60050-351 Control Technology, 4th Edition (2013-11) and up a New Work Item Proposal (NP) for IEC 60050-352 Industrial IT helps to build a common vocabulary for the automation area and its related IT terms which is a key requirement for interoperability in general and especially for virtual factories.
  • The VDI/VDE 2657-2 Reference Model Middleware Engineering (2014-12) describes processes for middleware projects promoting platform independent models for future flexibility as well as seeing ComVantage and its architecture as new approaches for industrial middleware solutions.
  • A further standardisation outcome has been two alliances resulting from ComVantage, namely open62541 and BMBF Big Data.
    Moreover, SAP was involved in standardisation activities towards interorganisational collaboration. The Open Data Protocol (OData) is a data access protocol initially developed by Microsoft, which was extended in collaboration with SAP to serve the specific business requirements. The latest OData 4.0 specification was driven amongst other enrichments by the concepts of Linked Data for interoperability and “moved from ‘structured data on the web’ to a “web of structured data”, tearing down the boundaries between formerly isolated OData services”.

  • OData 4.0 is standardised at OASIS and was released in March 2014.

Open Source Standards

To further address the open characteristics of the ComVantage set-up, as well as to reach a broad community to jointly elaborate the approach of interorganisational collaboration, the strengthening of an Open Source strategy is prerequisite. Therefore, ComVantage components that foster the collaboration approach are offered as open source to function as enablers for the commercial strategies.


The consortium also recognised the importance of aligning the project with current open source communities in the fields of Linked Data and Business Modelling since the results are highly interlinked.

  • LOD2
  • LOD2 is a large-scale integrating project co-funded by the European Commission within the FP7 Information and Communication Technologies Work Programme. It comprises leading Linked Open Data technology researchers, companies, and service providers. The LOD2 project is offering new cross-domain applications for the Semantic Web. The working group semantic software (AKSW, Leipzig) is specifically interested in collaboration regarding semantic machine data integration and graph visualisation components. Main supporters are TUD, SAP, and RST.

    • LOV

    The community offers various ontologies and vocabularies for different industrial sectors. Goals of LOV include to provide a technical platform for search and quality assessment among the vocabularies ecosystem, and to promote a sustainable social management of this ecosystem. The ComVantage vocabularies will add to the strategic alliance of the future Linked Data Web. Main supporters are TUD, SAP, and RST.

    • OMI

    The OMI community is one of the pillars of the Open Model Initiative, making use of its technological foundations and facilities the OMI Laboratory (omilab.org) in order to develop new modelling methods for different application domains, each with its own specificity and requirements. For OMI, ComVantage offers a multifaceted domain specificity (e.g. supply chains, business processes, app requirements etc.), raising modelling challenges and requirements for capturing and integrating this specificity. Main supporters are UNIVIE and BOC-IB.

    • GitHub

    GitHub is a web-based hosting service for software development projects that uses the Git revision control system. It has established as one of the most prominent open source platforms with over 13 million repositories. A new ComVantage repository (https://github.com/comvantage) was added comprising all related open source components. The main supporter is TUD.

    Moreover, 10 open source 3rd party tools were integrated in the ComVantage tool chain to benefit from existing knowledge and further catalyse the ComVantage idea. The tool chain integrates Protégé, Virtuoso Universal Server, D2R, XlWrap, Silk, Jena, MoKi, XTurtle, rdf:about Validator, RDF Translator, rdfUmlDiagram.py, LOV (Linked Open Vocabularies), Databugger, SpecGen. The corresponding licenses are compatible, which allows for interesting combinations of components.